Inequality and inequity in health
In both the developed and the developing world, many health systems face significant problems
of inequity in access to or quality of health care.
Even in developed nations with universal coverage, such as Japan or the UK,
inequity can be observed and can produce significant differences in health outcomes
between the poorest and richest members of society.
The department of Global Health Policy works with data from developing and
developed nations to both identify specific health inequities,
and to advance our understanding of how inequality is created,
its health system effects, and the best interventions to ameliorate it.
Amimo F, Lambert B, Magit A, Hashizume M. A review of prospective pathways and impacts of COVID-19 on the accessibility, safety, quality, and affordability of essential medicines and vaccines for universal health coverage in Africa. Global Health 2021;17:42.
Nomura S, Sakamoto H, Ishizuka A, Katsuma Y, Akashi H, Miyata H. Ongoing debate on data governance principles for achieving Universal Health Coverage: a proposal to post-G20 Osaka Summit meetings. Glob Health Action. 2020 Dec 31;13(1):1859822.
Rauniyar SK, Rahman MM, Rahman MS, Abe SK, Nomura S, Shibuya K. Inequalities and risk factors analysis in prevalence and management of hypertension in India and Nepal: a national and subnational study. BMC Public Health. 2020 Sep 3;20(1):1341
Rauniyar SK, Munkhbat E, Ueda P , Yoneoka D, Shibuya K, Nomura S. Timeliness of routine vaccination among children and determinants associated with age-appropriate vaccination in Mongolia. Heliyon 2020; 6(9): e04898.
Leung CY, Huang HL, Rahman MM, Nomura S, Krull Abe S, Saito E, Shibuya K . Cancer incidence attributable to tuberculosis in 2015: global, regional, and national estimates. BMC Cancer. 2020 May 12;20(1):412.
Lwin KS, Nomura S, Yoneoka D , Ueda P , Abe Krull S, Shibuya K. Associations between parental socioeconomic position and health-seeking behaviour for diarrhoea and acute respiratory infection among under-5 children in Myanmar: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. 2020;10:e032039.
Nakamura H, Amimo F, Yi S, Tuot S, Yoshida T, Tobe M, Nomura S. Implementing a sustainable health insurance system in Cambodia: a study protocol for developing and validating an efficient household income-level assessment model for equitable premium collection. Int J Equity Health. 2020 Jan 31;19(1):172020; 15(1): E0227565.
Rahman MMa, Zhang C, Swe KT, Rahman MS, Islam MR, Kamrujjaman M, Sultana P, Hassan MZ, Alam MS, Rahman MM. Disease-specific out-of-pocket healthcare expenditure in urban Bangladesh: A Bayesian analysis. PLoS ONE. 2020; 15(1): E0227565.
Islam RM, Rahman MS, Rahman MM, Nomura S, De Silva A, Lanerolle P, Jung J, Rahman MM. Reducing childhood malnutrition in Bangladesh: The importance of addressing socio-economic inequalities. Public Health Nutrition 2020; 23(1): 72-82.
Khaing HT, Nomura S, Yoneoka D, Ueda P, Shibuya K. Risk factors and regional variations of malnutrition among children under 5 in Myanmar: cross-sectional analyses at national and subnational levels. BMJ Open. 2019;9:e030894.
Zhang C, Rahman MS, Rahman MM, Yawson AE, , Shibuya K. Trends and projections of universal health coverage indicators in Ghana, 1995-2030: a national and subnational study. PLoS ONE. 2019; 14(5): e0209126.
Han SM, Rahman MM, Rahman MS, Swe KT, Palmer M, Sakamoto H, Nomura S, Shibuya K. Progress towards universal health coverage in Myanmar: a national and subnational assessment. The Lancet Global Health. 2018; 9: e989-e997.